standard The Sample Thesis On Education Analysis Of The Problems In Speaking English As A Second Language By The Students Part-2

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Thesis On Education About English As a Spoken Language:

Chapter-3

This chapter describes steps which were undertaken to complete the study these were:

  1. Design of the study.
  2. Population of the study.
  3. Sample.
  4. Procedure.
  5. Statistical Analysis.

3.1    Design of the study 

The researcher was descriptive in nature and survey approach was considered appropriate and adopted to complete the research.

3.2    Population of the study

The population of the study consisted of all the Elementary school at grade-7 both male and female students.

3.3    Sample

From the above population following sample were drawn out through convenient sampling technique. Total 300 students male and female from the private elementary schools at grade-7.

3.4     Instrument of the study

The study was descriptive and the main data collecting instrument in this study was questionnaire-developed in the light of related literature the first dropt of the questionnaire was discussed with supervisor with her consultation some items were relate reframed before pre testing.

3.5     Validation of Research tool

After initial construction of the questionnaire editing was done. The same was validated through expert opinion. In the opinion of the experts    and research supervisor some statements were deleted, some were replaced and some were included in the questionnaire. Finalized questionnaire consisted on four point rating scale, some multiple question and two open ended questions.

3.6     Administration of research tool      

The questionnaire was administered personally by the researcher 250 questionnaires were distribute among the male and female students.

3.7     Analysis of the Data

In analyzing the data, the researcher used following statistics for the purpose of description and findings.

  • Percentage of responses to each item was calculated.
  • Mean score of each item was also calculated.

Following scale was used to calculate the mean score:

Strongly agree                   SA              4point

Agree                                 A                3point

Undecided                        UD             2point

Strongly Disagree             SDA             1point

Mean score was calculated by using the below mentioned formula:

Mean score=   Fsa*4 +Fa*3+Fud*2+Fsda*1

N

Here:

N= Total number of responses.

Fsa= Frequency of Strongly Agreed responses.

Fa= Frequency of Agreed responses.

Fud= Frequency of Undecided responses.

Fsda= Frequency of Strongly Disagree responses.

Analysis of data and its interpretation are given in Chapter 4. On the basis of the main findings, the conclusions are drawn and recommendations are made in Chapter5.

DATA ANALYSIS AND ITS INTERPRETATION In Education

Table No.4.01:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

1

Grade-7 Students feel difficulty in pronouncing words

SA
A
D
SD

123

112

8

7

49%

45%

3%

3%

3.40

Speaking is one of the neglected skills in language learning. Teacher and learner both do not pay any attention to learning skill. This causes a lot of problems when teacher is unable to communicate with the learner. Learner as s/he is not given any type of learning how to speak well. So a serious situation ensues in the class room and at times teacher is unable to find any solution to this remedy. Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (49%)of the respondent strongly agree,(45 %)agree ,(3%)disagree, (3%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.40) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (49%) stated that Grade-7 students feel difficulty in pronouncing words

 

Table No.4.02:

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

2

 Grade-7Students easily understand the conversation of teacher.

SA
A
D
SD

112

105

24

9

45%

42%

10%

4%

3.28

Learning is a complex process and various skills and strategies must be taught and developed to be successful. One area that is easily overlooked by teachers of English conversation is the need to help students be aware of the learning process as it relates to language acquisition. First-time teachers and experienced teachers alike need to keep this in mind as they face the arduous task of teaching language fluency in the short time allotted them.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (45%)of the respondent strongly agree,(42 %)agree ,(10%)disagree, (4%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.94) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (45%) stated that Grade-7 students feel difficulty in pronouncing words.

 
Table No.4.03:

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

3

Grade-7Students understand the production of alphabet sounds.

SA
A
D
SD

105

89

45

11

42%

36%

18%

4%

3.15

Classroom is essential for developing new pronunciation patterns. Various exercises are suggested and assigned. They include repetition drills, reading practice, and directed and free conversation. It is expected that students will record this practice, review it, and make adjustments in their pronunciation patterns based on their knowledge about the standard pronunciation patterns of American English they have gained from the classroom practice.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (105%)of the respondent strongly agree,(36 %)agree ,(18%)disagree, (4%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.15) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (42%) stated that Grade-7 students.

 
Table No.4.04:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

4

Grade-7Students pronounce the correct  sounds of alphabet’s

SA
A
D
SD

89

       90

38

24

39%

36%

15%

10%

3.05

Practice in class consists of the repetition of individual sounds within words and within sentences as well as the rhythm and intonation patterns of American English. Students further intensively practice individual sounds and rhythm and intonation patterns in the classroom through reading, oral expansion exercises, and instructor-directed conversation practice. For the purpose of building new and correct pronunciation patterns that students can recognize, produce, and improve through self-analysis, self-correction, and personalized practice.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (39%)of the respondent strongly agree,(36 %)agree ,(15%)disagree, (10%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.05) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (39%) stated that Grade-7Students pronounce the correct sounds of alphabets.


Table No.4.05:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

5

Grade-7Students understand the teacher voice.

SA
A
D
SD

119

79

34

18

48%

32%

14%

7%

3.20

Many teachers have difficulties with their voice and have to take time off work with voice-loss and vocal fatigue. Care of the voice is important for teachers’ personal welfare and professional confidence. Avoid the inconvenience and expense of the need for supply teachers resulting from one or more individuals’ voice loss.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (48%)of the respondent strongly agree,(32 %)agree ,(14%)disagree, (7%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.20) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (48%) stated that Grade-7students understand the teacher voice.


Table No.4.06:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

6

Grade-7Students feel difficulty in speaking English.

SA
A
D
SD

85

91

46

27

34%

36%

18%

11%

2.93

If students do not learn how to speak or do not get any opportunity to speak in the language classroom they may soon get de-motivated and lose interest in learning. On the other hand, if the right activities are taught in the right way, speaking in class can be a lot of fun, raising general learner motivation and making the English language classroom a fun and dynamic place to be.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (34%)of the respondent strongly agree,(36 %)agree ,(18%)disagree, (11%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.93) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (34%) stated that Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.07:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

7

Grade-7Student’s voice is clear

SA
A
D
SD

113

76

45

16

45%

30%

18%

6%

3.14

The student’s voice needs to be effective in a variety of circumstances. The frequently heard suggestion that (out-of-work) actors might help teachers how to use their voices, ignores the fact that Equity would protest vociferously if any of its members had the daily voice load of the average teacher.  They need a voice which projects well and appropriately in all these circumstances and which is also pleasant to listen to, even when being at its most authoritative.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (45%)of the respondent strongly agree,(30 %)agree ,(18%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.14) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (45%) stated that Grade-7Student’s voice is clear.


Table No.4.08:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

8

Grade-7Students speak English with fluency

SA
A
D
SD

70

122

30

28

28%

49%

12%

11%

2.94

Many students learn vocabulary and try to put many words together to create a proper sentence. It amazes me how many words some of my students know, but they cannot create a proper sentence. The reason is because they didn’t study phrases. When children learn a language, they learn both words and phrases together. Likewise, you need to study and learn phrases.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (28%)of the respondent strongly agree,(49 %)agree ,(12%)disagree, (11%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.94) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (49%) stated that Grade-7students speak English with fluency.


Table No.4.09:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

9

Grade-7Students speak English with accuracy.

SA
A
D
SD

92

79

53

25

37%

32%

21%

10%

2.94

Students read and understand grade-level-appropriate material. They describe and connect the essential ideas, arguments, and perspectives of text, and they relate text structure, organization, and purpose.  grade 7, students read one million words annually on their own, including a good representation of narrative  and expository  text appropriate for each grade.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (37%)of the respondent strongly agree,(32 %)agree ,(21%)disagree, (10%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.94) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (37%) stated that Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.10:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

10

Grade-7teacher pronounce difficult words in class room

SA
A
D
SD

90

80

47

33

36%

32%

19%

13%

2.91

Teachers usually want to encourage students to speak English.  In start they speak simple words Practice makes perfect .teacher wants they learn and remember. However, it can be difficult to enforce English only – here are a variety of creative and effective techniques.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (36%)of the respondent strongly agree,(32 %)agree ,(19%)disagree, (13%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.91) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (36%) stated that teachers pronounce difficult words in class room.


Table No.4.11:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

11

Grade-7students are asked to speak aloud in class room.

SA
A
D
SD

94

92

50

14

38%

37%

20%

6%

3.06

It’s important for the teacher to use think-aloud but also have the students do think aloud. You can also have words re-appear. For example, if you taught the word hermit already and need to teach the word gregarious, you could ask, ‘is a hermit gregarious?’ Through student learning became permanent.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (38%)of the respondent strongly agree,(37 %)agree ,(20%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.06) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (38%) stated that Grade-7students are asked to speak aloud in class room.


Table No.4.12:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

12

 Grade-7Students give proper stress in words

SA
A
D
SD

90

99

49

12

36%

40%

20%

5%

3.07

Students do not know what to do about the changes they see in their students. Mostly students do not follow instructions. Some students get annoyed when a teacher tries to give advice. Others are restless and unable to make decisions. These changes seem to be more apparent in students who are average than those who appear likely to cause trouble.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (36%)of the respondent strongly agree,(40 %)agree ,(20%)disagree, (5%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.07) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (40%) stated that Grade-7students give proper stress in words.


Table No.4.13:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

13

Speaking volunteer gives students happiness

SA
A
D
SD

115

78

44

13

46%

31%

18%

5%

3.18

. Majority of the respondent (46%) stated that Speaking volunteer gives students happiness. Volunteers will also be helping the children overcome their fears of interacting with foreigners, just by being around them. Through speaking students feel fun, relaxed and interactive environment? We want the children to reach for every possibility, and understand how many options they have.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (46%)of the respondent strongly agree,(31 %)agree ,(18%)disagree, (5%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.18) with sported the statement


Table No.4.14:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

14

Grade-7Students participate in class room discussion.

SA
A
D
SD

140

79

21

10

56%

32%

8%

4%

3.40

Every student participates in the same way or at the same rate. Instead, it is to create an environment in which all participants have the opportunity to learn and in which the class explores issues and ideas in depth, from a variety of viewpoints. Some students will raise their voices more many students who frequently volunteer to contribute are active learners, who typically think while they speak.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (56%)of the respondent strongly agree,(32 %)agree ,(8%)disagree, (4%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.40) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (56%) stated that Grade-7students participate in class room discussion.


Table No.4.15:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

15

Voice of Grade-7teachers is clear.

SA
A
D
SD

130

99

16

4

52%

40%

6%

2%

3.41

The teacher’s voice needs to be effective in a variety of circumstances.  Teacher should speak clearly that students understand easily. The frequently heard suggestion that (out-of-work) actors might help teachers how to use their voices, ignores the fact that Equity would protest vociferously if any of its members had the daily voice load of the average teacher.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (52%)of the respondent strongly agree,(40 %)agree ,(6%)disagree, (2%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.41) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (52%) stated that Voice of Grade-7teachers is clear.


Table No.4.16:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

16

Voice of Grade-7 teachers is aloud.

SA
A
D
SD

12

75

40

10

50%

30%

16%

4%

3.26

Teacher should speak clearly that students understand easily. The teacher’s voice needs to be effective in a variety of circumstances. The frequently heard suggestion that (out-of-work) actors might help teachers how to use their voices, ignores the fact that Equity would protest vociferously if any of its members had the daily voice load of the average teacher.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (50%)of the respondent strongly agree,(30 %)agree ,(16%)disagree, (4%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.26) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (50%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.17:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

17

Voice of Grade-7 teachers  is soft

SA
A
D
SD

81

76

67

26

32%

30%

27%

10%

2.85

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The teacher’s voice needs to be effective in a variety of circumstances. The frequently heard suggestion that (out-of-work) actors might help teachers how to use their voices, ignores the fact that Equity would protest vociferously if any of its members had the daily voice load of the average teacher.  They need a voice which projects well and appropriately in all these circumstances and which is also pleasant to listen to, even when being at its most authoritative.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (32%)of the respondent strongly agree,(30 %)agree ,(27%)disagree, (10%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.85) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (32%) stated that grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.18:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

18

Hesitation accurse while speaking English language

SA
A
D
SD

89

96

48

17

36%

38%

19%

7%

3.03

Speaking is one of the neglected skills in language learning. Teacher and learner both do not pay any attention to learning skill. This causes a lot of problems when teacher is unable to communicate with the learner. Learner as s/he is not given any type of learning how to speak well. So a serious situation ensues in the class room and at times teacher is unable to find any solution to this remedy.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (36%)of the respondent strongly agree,(38 %)agree ,(19%)disagree, (7%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.03) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (38%) stated that Hesitation accurse while speaking English language.


Table No.4.19:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

19

Speaking for vocabulary building is done at school.

SA
A
D
SD

98

87

49

16

39%

35%

20%

6%

3.07

Vocabulary building is very beneficial, but it can be very difficult to memorize new vocabulary words. Vocabulary is difficult to memorize because it can be very abstract and there is often little connection between the word and its meaning. While the connection between the vocabulary word and the meaning does not exist in reality, it is formed in your head.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (39%)of the respondent strongly agree,(35 %)agree ,(20%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.07) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (39%) stated that Speaking for vocabulary building is done at school.


Table No.4.20:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

20

Loud speaking provides you better information then silent.

SA
A
D
SD

95

98

42

15

38%

39%

17%

6%

 

3.09

Students learn easily when their voice listen himself if you are reading out loud, once you have read a word or sentence with the right pronunciation it is normal to move onto the next part. If it was an important and difficult to understand part, though, it can be worthwhile to read it once or twice more. This is much easier and quicker when you are reading silently.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (38%)of the respondent strongly agree,(39 %)agree ,(17%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7  students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.09) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (38%) stated that Loud speaking provides you better information then silent.


Table No.4.21:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

21

Grade-7teachers give guidance on pronunciation skill in the class.

SA
A
D
SD

123

64

43

20

49%

26%

17%

8%

3.16

Teacher and learner both do not pay any attention to learning skill. This cause a lot of problems when teacher is unable to communicate with the learner. Mostly teachers repeat the words when students feel difficulty.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (49%)of the respondent strongly agree,(26%)agree ,(17%)disagree, (8%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.16) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (49%) stated that Grade-7 teachers give guidance on pronunciation skill in the class.


Table No.4.22:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

23

For improving speaking skill discussion is conduct in class room

SA
A
D
SD

89

83

54

24

36%

33%

22%

10%

2.95

Classroom discussions provide an ideal forum for students to develop their creative thinking skills. Indeed, teachers can support students’ creative thinking by encouraging and rewarding students’ novel ideas, unique perspectives, and creative connections Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (36%)of the respondent strongly agree,(33 %)agree ,(22%)disagree, (10%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.95) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (36%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.23:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

23

For improving speaking skill teachers use drill method.

SA
A
D
SD

89

88

62

11

36%

35%

25%

4%

3.02

Drilling is useful for practice new words or phrases, especially phrases that will be useful in a future communicative activity. You can also do choral drilling for dialogues (first you say and they repeat, then you say one bit and they say the other, then they do it in two large groups) before asking students to practice it in pairs together. See the sections on drills and dialogues

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (36%)of the respondent strongly agree,(35 %)agree ,(25%)disagree, (4%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.02) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (36%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.24:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

24

Grade-7Students learning is improve by speaking.

SA
A
D
SD

115

72

40

23

46%

29%

16%

9%

3.12

When students listen and talk to others about their ideas, they are able to clarify their thinking. Whether in informal interactions with others or in more formal settings, communicators are required to organize and deliver information clearly and adapt to their listeners. Students should recognize that what they hear, write, read, and view contributes to the content and quality of their oral language.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (46%)of the respondent strongly agree,(29 %)agree ,(16%)disagree, (9%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.12) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (46%) stated that Grade-7 Students learning is improve by speaking.


Table No.4.25:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

25

Grade-7 Students learning is permanent by speaking

SA
A
D
SD

92

93

48

17

37%

37%

19%

7%

3.04

Speaking and writing are opposites that correspond of the transitory and the permanent. They are important in language history. When students listen and talk to others about their ideas, they are able to clarify their thinking

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that (37%)of the respondent strongly agree,(37 %)agree ,(19%)disagree, (7%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.04) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (37%) stated that Grade-7 Students learning is permanent by speaking.


Table No.4.26:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

26

Grade-7students given opportunity to ask question.

SA
A
D
SD

101

91

42

16

40%

36%

17%

6%

3.11

There are many classrooms in which teachers rarely pose questions above the “read-it-and-repeat-it” level.  Questions are ask a student to go deeper, transfer questions provoke a kind of breadth of thinking, asking students to take their knowledge to new places

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (40%)of the respondent strongly agree,(36 %)agree ,(17%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.11) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (40%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.27:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

27

In class discussion Grade-7 students feels actively involved in class room discussion.

SA
A
D
SD

110

72

52

16

44%

29%

21%

6%

3.10

Every student participates in the same way or at the same rate. Instead, it is to create an environment in which all participants have the opportunity to learn and in which the class explores issues and ideas in depth, from a variety of viewpoints. Some students will raise their voices more many students who frequently volunteer to contribute are active learners, who typically think while they speak.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (44%)of the respondent strongly agree,(29 %)agree ,(21%)disagree, (6%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (3.10) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (44%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.28:

 

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

28

Grade-7Students know the drawing in air strong desire of sounds.

SA
A
D
SD

76

86

67

21

30%

34%

27%

8%

2.87

Word stress is our magic key to understanding spoken English. Native speakers of English use word stress naturally. Word stress is so natural for them that they don’t even know they use it. Speaking is neglected skill both side of teacher and student.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that  (30%)of the respondent strongly agree,(34 %)agree ,(27%)disagree, (8%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.87) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (34%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.29:

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

29

Grade-7Students know where pause on speaking.

SA
A
D
SD

84

80

57

29

34%

32%

23%

12%

2.88

Verbal pauses are distracting in communication. They can make you sound less intelligent and clear. They muddle your message. Verbal pauses are simply noise, not communication. You don’t need them, and your communication will be more effective once you eliminate them.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they speak to the lesson. The results indicate that (34%) of the respondent strongly agree,(32 %)agree ,(23%)disagree, (12%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.88) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (34%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.


Table No.4.30:

No. Statement Level

Frequency

%age

Mean score

30

Grade-7students know the raise and fall of sounds.

SA
A
D
SD

85

92

52

21

34%

37%

21%

8%

2.96

Speaking is one of the neglected skills in language learning. Teacher and learner both do not pay any attention to learning skill some students will raise their voices more many students who frequently volunteer to contribute are active learners, who typically think while they speak.

Purpose of this question was to check whether learners at Grade-7 face any difficulty in speaking while they read the lesson. The results indicate that  (34%)of the respondent strongly agree,(37 %)agree ,(21%)disagree, (8%)were strongly disagree with the statement Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.. mean score is (2.96) with sported the statement. Majority of the respondent (34%) stated that Grade-7 students face the difficulty in speaking during the lesson.

 Table No.4.31:

 

No. Statement

Frequency

%age

Mean score

1

2

3

4

5

Students feel difficulty in pronouncing words.

Students feel difficulty understand the conversation of teacher.

Students  feel difficulty in speaking English

Teacher pronounce difficult words in class room

Students feel difficulty in stress words

52

55

54

44

45

21%

22%

22%

18%

18%

 

 

 

 

 

2.00

In question #31 respondents were asked to give some suggestions to remove the problems of speaking English. As the table #4.31 indicates that 21% respondent, feel difficulty and faces problems in pronouncing words.  22% respondents said that they felt difficulty understand the conversation of the teacher. Whereas 22% students feel difficulty in speaking English and 18% respondents said that felt difficulty in pronounce in difficult words in class room. The 18% respondents face difficulty in stress words.

 

Table NO4.32

No. Statement

Frequency

%age

Mean score

1

2

3

4

5

We solve the study problems through the help of practice.

Teacher should use clear & easy words.

Teacher should listen stories and jokes.

Teacher should easy and nice words in speaking.

Students should know the word stress rules

23

22

13

81

96

22%

23%

23%

14%

20%

 

 

 

 

 

1.91

Question #32 Respondents were asked to give some suggestion to remove the problem of speaking English .As the table #4.32 indicated that 22% respondents suggested that solve the study problem through the help of practice .As well as 23% respondents opined that this problem should be solved by using clear & easy words. Whereas 23% respondents recommended that through the help of listening stories and jokes and 14% viewed that teacher should use easy and nice words in speaking. The 20% respondents suggest that we can solve the problem to know the word stress rules.

CHAPTER-5

FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

FINDINGS.

In the light of observations and data following findings were observed.

  • Minority of the students 36% strongly agreed that they felt difficulty in pronouncing words. So teacher should practice some difficult words should give and teacher give some activity like presenting some picture and asking to explain it.
  • Minority of students 45% strongly agreed that they felt difficulty to understand the conversation of teacher. Teacher’s voice should be clear and use easy method of teaching. Teachers should speak loudly during the period.
  • Minority of the students 42% strongly agreed that they felt difficulty understand the production of alphabet sounds. Teacher should practice the alphabetic sounds.
  • Minority of the students 39% strongly agreed that they pronounced the correct sounds of alphabets Teacher should practice the alphabetic sound.
  • Minority of the students34% agreed that they felt difficulty in speaking English. So teacher should conduct a small discussion in class room.
  • Minority of the students 36% agreed that teacher pronounced difficult words in class room .so teacher should easy word for speaking and their voice should be clear.
  • Minority of the students 40% agreed that they felt difficulty in stress words. So teacher should some practice of alphabetic words and tell him about the rules of word stress.
  • Minority of the students 38% agreed that they hesitated when they speak English language. So teacher should teach through activity and all the students should participate in this activity and listen stories. Students should involve during language learning skill
  • Minority of the students 39% strongly agreed that they felt difficulties in vocabulary building are done at school. So teacher should improve the student’s vocabulary through activities and present some charts for following the grammar rules.
  • Minority of the students 40% strongly agreed that they felt difficulty ask question during lecture. Teacher should allow and encourage to ask question which they do not understand.
  • Minority of the students 34% strongly agreed that they do not know where to give pause in speaking.


CONCLUSION:

  • Majority of the students said that they felt difficulty in pronouncing words.
  • Majority of the students said that they easily understood the conversation of teacher.
  • Majority of the students said that they understood the production of alphabet sounds.
  • Majority of the students said that they pronounced the correct sounds of alphabets.
  • Majority of the students said that they understood the teacher voice.
  • Majority of the students said that they  felt difficulty in speaking English
  • Majority of the students said that their voice was clear.
  • Majority of the students said that they spoke English with fluency.
  • Majority of the students said that they spoke English with accuracy.
  • Majority of the students said that teacher pronounced difficult words in class room.
  • Majority of the students said that they were asked to speak aloud in class room.
  • Majority of the students said that they gave proper stress in words
  • Majority of the students said that Speaking volunteer gave students happiness.
  • Majority of the students said that they participated in class room discussion.
  • Majority of the students said that Voice of  teachers was clear
  • Majority of the students said that Voice of teachers was aloud.
  • Majority of the students said that Voice of teachers was soft.
  • Majority of the students said that Hesitation accursed while speaking English language
  • Majority of the students said that Speaking for vocabulary building was done at school.
  • Majority of the students said that loud speaking provided us better information then on silent reading.
  • Majority of the students said that For improving speaking skill discussion should be conducted in class room
  • Majority of the students said that For improving speaking skill teachers should drill method
  • Majority of the students said that their learning would be improved by speaking.
  • Majority of the students said that their learning would be permanent by speaking.
  • Majority of the students said that they should be given opportunity to ask question.
  • Majority of the students said that they feel actively involved in class room discussion.
  • Majority of the students said that Students know the drawing in air strong desire of sounds.
  • Majority of the students said that they Students know where pause on speaking.
  • Majority of the students said that they know the raise and fall of sounds.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

  • Students should practice expressing their ideas through speaking.
  • Students should provide opportunity to ask question.
  • Sound differences could be carefully handled.
  • Practice should not be in isolated periods or of meaningless sounds, words or sentences
  •  Practice in the early stages of learning should be limited, however, to the sounds, the vocabulary or the structural patterns which are being taught for active production.
  • Students should describe a short stories and jokes.
  • Students should describe about surroundings and observation for improvement of speaking skill.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

  • Ahmad M. (2007) English Language Communication Skill, Lahore: Ghulam Rasool & Sons.
  • Boer J.O ( ) Basic Language. New Yark: Harper and Rrow Publishers I.N.C.
    • Bajwa, M.S (2002). “Teaching of English”. D.G.Khan: Spring field English academy
    • Dash B:N.(2004). Teaching of English. New Delhi: Dominate Publishers and distributors.
    • Delahunty G.P. and Garvey J.J. (1994) Language Grammar and Communication. MC.Grow, kill international education.
    • Hashmi A.S (1991). Teaching of English. Multan. Multan Kitab Ghar.
    • Lyons.        J.(2006) Language and Linguistic. Cambridge University.
    • Scott. W.A and ytreberz L.H Teaching English to Children. London. Longman London New York.
    • Swen R.W.(1996) Language Development. America. Private in United Stated.
    • Tahir.S.(1988) Modern approach to Teaching English as a Second Language. Lahore: Published by Mukhtar Ahmad.
    • Upadhaya S.D. (2007) Applied Linguistic, Delhi: Rajdhni Print.
    • Watkins .P. (2007) Learning to Teach English. England: Detta Publishing 39 Alexandar road.

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