Thesis On Education:
Education is not only a name for all round development of human personality but also an effective means for national and social progress. Not only does it mould the character of new generations. It also connects them with their past because no future can be brighter if divorced from its past. Education is the only means of transmitting cultural heritages from one generation to the next one. The pivot of this education process is teacher who is also responsible for the education process and development of human personality. The role of a teacher is very significant in our home land-Pakistan.
Which is a strong and stable ideological base? Here the responsibility of a teacher becomes manifold.
He has to train the new generation on ideological lines and he is also entrusted with the responsibility of enabling them to accept the challenges of modern times.
This can be possible only if his/her own ideological background is steeped in the undying values of Islam and he has a strong grasp of the art of teaching. Before embraking upon the ideological role he is to play. From a practical and ideological point of view. He/ she is not only to be open-minded but should have also a strong ideological base he has to be well versed in the practical aspects of teaching. For an under training teacher.
It is very important to train him on ideological lines. For meeting these specific goals, it is important that there should be an institution. Which can train teachers on lines?
Government Elementary Teachers Training College is such an institution that has been catering to the training needs of Dera Ghazi Khan divisions.
In the beginning it was established as “Normal School D.G.Khan”. Then it was named as “Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan”. In the beginning B.Ed classes were taught. But now M.Ed classes have also been introduced in this college. In B.Ed programme there are 200 seats for male and female. Science and arts divided equally. But in M.Ed programme 100 seats are reserved for morning and evening class without discriminating male and female applicants.
Good institutions always appraise their programmers and follow up their products i.e therefore. Researcher preferred the follow-up study of M.Ed graduates of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan because follow up studies are conducted to see the effectiveness, of the outcomes and results of any programme. Mistily such type of studies is conducted in he field of guidance. Counseling, and placement. The institute of Education and Research (I.E.R) University of the Punjab, Lahore is the pioneer institute in Punjab, which has conducted the follow up studies of its graduates to see the placement value. Studies of its graduates to see the placement value, Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan has M.Ed programme. It is considered seriously that such a study must be conducted to find the placement of its graduates and appraisal of the programme.
statement of the problem
The problem proposed for investigation as a follow up of the graduates of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College, D.G.Khan.
De-limitation of the problem
Four divisions out of eight selected randomly. Thirty-four students out of 250 were selected by use of convenient sampling from session 2005-2006. The study is further delimited to the investigation of respondents.
- Job satisfaction.
- Professional growth.
- Usefulness of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College, D.G.Khan programme.
- Satisfaction with the financial benefits of M.Ed. Degree.
- Contribution to the general cause of education.
- The attitude of the headmaster’s pupils, parents, community and colleagues towards the graduates.
- Economic or financial benefits of the degree.
- Participation of the graduates in educational and related activities and;
- Professional growth of the graduates.
signigicance of the study
This study is significant as it attempts to answer the following questions:
- i) What is the placement position of the M.Ed (Secondary) graduates of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan.
ii) To what extend graduates of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan are succeeded in realization of the objectives for which they were prepared and trained at Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College, D.G.Khan.
What are problems and difficulties faced by the Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan graduates in the field in the pursuit of these objectives?
- Is study may provide information about the performance of M.Ed (Secondary) graduates of Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College D.G.Khan working in different schools.
- This study may provide feed back for education department and Govt. Elementary Teachers Training College, D.G.Khan to improve M.Ed (Secondary) programme.
- This study was further intended to make suggestions and recommendations regarding the improving in the M.Ed (Secondary) programme.
- The study may help in further research.
Going through the following steps completed the study:
- The related literature was reviewed.
- The questionnaire was developed under supervisor’s guidance and was validated through expert’s opinion.
- Name and addresses of selected M.Ed graduates from 1192to 1998 were obtained from the college record.
- The data was collected through personal contact from the subjects of the study residing in traveling range.
- Questionnaire was mailed to the subject of the study residing at distant places along with the purposed of the study.
- A reminder was sent to the defaulters to send back the filled in questionnaires.
- The data collected as presented and tabulated.
- It was analyzed by applying simple percentage and interpreted.
CHAPTER # 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE.
There is a dearth of literature about following facilities. However, in the literature available about follow-up study, Mr. Morris L. Bigg has defined it as follow up study is a research activity, guidance and counselor develop follow-up studies as a systematic programme for maintaining content with their former students and clients (6:4)
Generally speaking follow-up study is a programme of continuous evaluation of the programmes and individuals with regular intervals of time. Procedures of follow-up studies have always a very logical connection with the original programme. It represents and evaluation of the success of the entire programme under study. Thus follow up study of former students infect is and interesting and significant function of any school programme.
Lefever says that, there are two essential aspects of follow-up procedure.
- A Questionnaire to all formers students, weather graduates or drop-outs or weather placed in job or not.
- A check among employers regarding their degree of satisfaction with products of school or programme (8:546:). Follow-up is more closely concerned wit school. The follow up counseling and guidance programmers. Medanil has stated that process for school counselor involves occasional investigation of the subsequent records of professional value for the counselor. Teacher and students (10: 15). Follow-up studies are widely used in different areas for different purposes. Some of such purposes are as follows:
1) To evaluate the activities of the school particularly to judge the curriculum, administration and level of achievement of school.
2) To evaluate the guidance and counseling programme.
3) To evaluate placement poison and performance of former students.
Follow-up study can also be used to identify those former students in need of further assistance from the school (11: 15).
Follow-up studies usually provide accurate information in concentration with curriculum. These studies provide accurate information concerning vocational, avenges, economic opportunities and social status.
Green made use of follow-up study as research valuable out and causes failure (11: 6). Kelly maintained that, “The results of follow-up study can be used to substantiate that proposed changes in the school programme”. The results can also be used for the following purposes.
- To improve the public relations.
- To increase the public motivation.
- To provide content for class and for home work.
- To provide material for discussions and units of work on occupations. (6: 159).
- Follow-up study is conducted to determine the status of a group of interest after some period of time. Like school surveys follow-up studies are often conducted by educational institutions for the purpose of internal or external evaluation of their instructional programmers or some aspect of it. Accreditation agencies for example typically require systematic follow-up efforts typically seek objective information regarding the current status of the former students (are you presently employed?) as well as attitudinal and opinion data concerning the graduates perception of there training if a majority of graduates should indicate, for example’ that they fell the career counseling they receive was poor, this finding would suggest an area in of improvement.
- Similarly, if a number of graduates should indicate that they have unable to obtain employment due to a lack of certain competencies. This information would also be valuable input for the upgrading for the upgrading of the programme interest. Follow-up studies may be conducted solely for research purpose. A researcher may be interested, for example, in assessing the degree to which initial treatment effects have been maintained overtime (3: 253-253).
Project Talent (1965) was a follow-up survey conducted by University of Pittsburgh with support from the co-operative research program of the U.S office of education, the national Institute of health, the national science foundation, and the department of defense. Five basic purposes of the study wee mentioned by this survey.
- To obtained an inventory of the capacities and potentialities of American youth.
- To establish a set of standards for Educational Psychological measurement.
- To provide a comprehensive counseling guide indicating patterns of career success.
- To provide information on how youth choose their life work.
- To provide better understanding of the educational experiences which prepare students for their life work.
Thesis On Education:
Project talent descried as an example of educational survey as well as a follow-up study. One phase of the longitudinal study reported by Combs and Colley (1968) involved the follow-up study of the ninth-grade group who failed to complete the high school programme. This group, which represented by random sample of the ninth grade secondary school population, provides an estimate of the characteristics of the dropout population compared with those of a random sample of students who graduated but did not enter a junior college or A-year learning of higher.
Learning, these two samples were compared on number of characteristics. Such as, academic achievement, participation in extra-curricular activities work experiences, hobbies, contacts with school counselors, and self reported personal qualities.
- The students who graduated score significantly higher on most of the characteristics, except self-reported qualities of leadership and impulsiveness.
- One unusual finding indicated that the dropouts earned as much as those who had finished high school and had been earning it longer.
- It was pointed out, however, that economic advantages of finishing high school could not be adequately evaluated until later in life.
- Many of the students expressed dis-staisfaction with their schooling and they had not gone to college or vocational school and those they has married too early.
- More that half still lives within 30 miles of their high schools.
- The more mobile halves wee the high academic achievers.
Eighty percent of the men but only 65 percent of the women, expressed satisfaction with their jobs in meeting their long-range goals. (5: 87-88).
Mr. Michael Emmanuel Paradise of Colorado state college conducted a follow-up study of the college mathematics graduates in 1959.
The purposes of the study were:
- To ascertain the effectiveness of the mathematics programme of the Colorado state college.
- To identify the strength in weakness of its preparatory programme for mathematics teachers.
- To study the general, professional, social and vocational adjustment of the graduates.
The researcher with the consultation of the mathematical Facility of Colorado State College developed a questionnaire. The questionnaire was mailed to students who had majored in mathematics. It was completed and returned by 30% of the graduates.
- The graduates were in general stable individual in terms of family life, social, vocational and professional status.
- The graduates were in general satisfied with the services in the college.
- The method course for mathematics majors and the student teaching supervision needed improvement.
- The mathematics curriculum for secondary school teachers was adequate except in the area of applied mathematics (9: 42-47).
Mr. Gerald Modesty of Indiana University conducted an appraisal of the programme leading to the Doctor of Education degree at Indiana University based on a follow-up study of its graduates in 1962.
The purposes of this study were:
- To evaluate quality and effectiveness of the programme leading to Doctor of Education Degree at Indiana University.
- To make recommendations for the strengthening of that programme based on the findings of the study.
Data was gathered through questionnaire from the graduates who received their degree during the years 1950-60. It includes 445 graduates in the group to be studied, 417 i.e. 97% of these completed and returned the questionnaire.
- Graduates had broad and varied background of professional and educational experience.
- Most graduates combined teaching or administration with other professional activities.
- Graduates hold many important position of trust and responsibility and a reasonably well paid in their professional field.
- Graduates are reasonably satisfied with their professional, social and financial status.
- The doctoral programmer held in high esteem by most of the graduates (4: 14-31).
Mr. Arthur Engel of Colorado state college conducted a follow-up study to evaluate the teacher education programme at Huron College to supply information about the effectiveness of its person programme. The population of the study included the students, who had graduated between June 1961-june 1964. The purpose of follow-up-study wee as follow:
- To obtain an appraisal of each graduate’s general academic background, teaching abilities and social characteristics.
- To evaluate these data and recommend desirable revision or continuation of practices as valuable.
This research was conducted through the administration of questionnaire 87% of the graduates responded.
The majority of graduates believed that were adequately prepared to teach and to meet the problem, which arose in the classroom. More than two-third of the graduates considered there on the job teaching is a greater factor than the under graduate preparation at Huron College in making them effective teachers (1: 52-62).
Miss Perveen Sheikh conducted “A follow-up study of the Master of Arts (M.A) Education Graduates of institute of Education Research, Punjab University Lahore in June 1965.
purposes of the study
i) To determine whether the graduates are satisfied with their present job or not.
ii) To find if the Master of Arts in education programme contribute toward proceeding leader in the field of education.
The following procedure was adopted:
- A questionnaire was developed to gather data need for the study from the graduates of institute of education and research University of the Punjab, Lahore who hold the degree of Master of Arts in Education.
- Names and list of the home addresses of the graduates were secured from the Central Record Office of the institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore.
- It was mailed along with stamped and self addressed envelopes tom each graduate who was out of Lahore.
- The researcher herself met the few graduates who were in Lahore, though if was not easy to contact them.
- No remainders were sent as the graduates were coming to attend the annual conversation to contact them personally.
1) The graduates were scattered in the types of schools. It was that those graduates in the semi government or private schools got comparatively more pay, more adjusted and more satisfied to their jobs.
2) It was also found that the Master of Arts in Education programme contributed towards procedure producing leaders in the field of education a Assistant District inspector of schools (11: 6,7,21,22).
Miss Rubina Hussain conducted “A follow-up study of female graduates from Lady Meclagan Training College, Lahore for the year 1966-68 in 1970.
the specific objectives of the study
1) The determine the unemployment status of the graduates.
2) To determine the ratio of the graduates still unemployed and the reasons for they’re being unemployment.
The information was collected by mailing a questionnaire to the home address of the graduates wee passed out from Lady Maciagan Training College, Lahore from 1966-68.
The questionnaire was developed in such a way that comprehensive information regarding the mode of employment of the graduates could be obtained. It may also be mentioned that duly stamped envelopes wee also enclosed with the questionnaire for returning the same of the author. Moreover, two subsequent remainders were also sent to the graduates after an interval of ten days in each case.
Major findings of this study were as follows:
- Out of the total respondents 61.2% were employed and 38.8% were unemployed. Out of the total 61.2% employed graduates 71.1% employed in their home districts and 29.9% were employed in other districts.
- The highest proportion of the graduates, i.e. 44.9% was unemployed because they had not succeeded in the getting a job. The smallest proportion, i.e. 1.4% worker as A.D. Social Workers and guidance associates. Out of those who wee in teaching profession 7.2% was Assistant Mistresses, 17.3% were Headmistresses 1.4% were lecturers.
- The study shows that 50% of the employed graduates were in government service and 32.5% and 17.4% were in private and semi-government employment respectively.
- It was found that only 38.5% employed graduates were satisfied with their present job and 61.5% dissatisfied.
- The highest proportion i.e. 56.4% of the employed graduates were dissatisfied with their present job because of in sufficient salary and the second most important reason was place of work being far away from home, 44.9% had given this reason. The smallest proportion i.e. 5.1% was dissatisfied with their present jobs. Because of non co-operative attitude of the inhabitants of that locality and 5.1% also due to ask of interest in this profession
Ch. Khadim Hussain conducted “A follow-up study of M.Ed. (primary secondary) graduates of institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore” in 1975.
the purposes of the study to investigate
- Job satisfaction of the graduates of institute of Education and Research, Lahore.
- The attitude of the graduates of institute of Education and Research Lahore towards their profession.
- Usefulness of the courses studied by the graduates of institute of Education and Research, Lahore.
- Economic or financial benefits of the degree.
- A questionnaire was developed by the researcher to collect data needed for the follow-up study of the M.Ed. (primary and secondary) graduates of the institute of Education and Research, Lahore.
- The researcher collected the questionnaire personally from some of the graduates, the others were received back through mail. The data were thus analyzed and findings were drawn.
Findings of the study were as follows:
- Majority of the respondents indicated job satisfaction.
- Most of the graduates under study were satisfied with courses taught at institute of Education and Research, Lahore.
- Fairly large number of the respondents observed that the teaching methods learnt at the institute of Education and Research, Lahore were applicable in actual classroom situation.
- Some of the respondents observed that the higher authorities. Some times display cynical attitude towards them.
- The graduates of institute of Education and Research, Lahore was in lack of both financial benefits and chances of promotion in the department concerned on the account of the degree (7: 8,9,30,31).
A team of students of Government College of Education for Science Township, Lahore conducted a follow-up study of the B.S.Ed. graduates of their own college in 1989.
the objectives of the study were
- To know the placement position of B.S.Ed graduates.
- To know the total number of students who successfully completed the B.S.Ed. course from 1983 to 1988 in Punjab.
- To know the performance of B.S.Ed. graduates.
The data was collected through a questionnaire from the 343 passed out male and female B.S.Ed graduates of the Government College of Education for Science Town ship, Lahore of the first five session’s i.e. from 180-83 to 1985-888. The team collected the questionnaire personally from some of the graduates. The others were received back through mali. The data were thus analyzed and findings were drawn.
- Majority of graduates who applied for job was selected.
- Majority of the students i.e. 94% was employed as S.S.T teacher in B.P.S-16 in Education Department.
- Almost all the B.S.Ed. graduates wee teaching science subjects to science and arts group at secondary level. A few were also teaching to middle classes.
- The performance of the graduates as indicated by their results was quite encouraging. The results was of all the graduates ranged between 80 = 90% (2: 21,22)
M. Aslam conducted a follow-up study of B.S.Ed Graduates of of Sargodha and Fiasalabad Division of Government College of Education for 5 science Township, Lahore in 1983.
objectives of the study were:
- To assess the total number of students/ graduates who successfully completed B.S.Ed course from 1989 to 1991 in Faisalabad and Sargodha Division in different years.
- Assess the placement position of B.S.Ed graduates.
- To assess the performance of B.S.Ed graduates.
The data was collected through a questionnaire from all passed out 31 male and female students of B.S.Ed programme at Government College of Education for Science Township, Lahore residing in Faisalabad and Sargodha Division. A few contacted personally. Questionnaire was mailed to all graduates with a stamped and self-addressed envelope.
The data collected was analyzed, organized and tabulated. The consuls on were drawn.
- There were 28 graduates of Faisalabad and 3 graduates of Sargodha Division who successfully completed B.S.Ed. course from 1989 to 1991 majority of the graduates got through the B.S.Ed. course in normal course time. A few made one or two extra attempts.
- Majority of graduates who applied for job wee not selected.
- Majority of the graduates 5 i.e. 71.42% was employed as S.S.T. teachers in B.P.S-16 in Education Department.
- Mostly 5 i.e. 71.42 graduates received the job after the declaration of B.S.Ed. result. However, there were few examples of those 2 i.e. 28.57% who received job few months before B.S.Ed. result.
- Almost all B.S.Ed. graduates were teaching science subjects to science and arts group at secondary school level. A few were also teaching to middle classes.
- The performance of all the graduates s indicated by their result was quite encouraging. The result was of all the graduates ranged between 80 = 90% (2: 6,7,8,38,39).